Opgedateer: 07/25/2023

'N Beginnersgids vir Forex Trading

Inleiding Welkom by die beginnersgids tot forex trading. As jy nuut is in die wêreld van...

beginnersgids tot forex trading
11 Nov 2022



Welcome to the beginner’s guide to forex trading. If you’re new to the world of foreign exchange trading or looking to enhance your existing knowledge, you’ve come to the right place. In this guide, we will provide you with a thorough understanding of forex trading, covering everything from the basics to advanced strategies. Our aim is to equip you with the knowledge and tools necessary to excel in the exciting and potentially lucrative field of forex trading.

Understanding Forex Trading

Forex trading, also known as foreign exchange trading or currency trading, involves buying and selling currencies in the global market. The forex market is the largest and most liquid financial market in the world, with daily trading volumes exceeding trillions of dollars. The main objective of forex trading is to profit from fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

What Is The Forex Market?

The foreign exchange market is a financial market with a global reach where currencies are traded and Currency trading is needed in order to conduct foreign trade and business. A unique aspect of the foreign exchange market is that there is no centralized marketplace and currency trading is conducted electronically over-the-counter or OTC, meaning all transactions happen via computer networks between traders around the world.

The foreign exchange market is open 24 hours a day, five and a half days a week, and currencies are traded worldwide in the major financial centers of London, New York, Tokyo, Zurich, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Singapore, Paris, and Sydney—across a large time zone. It is estimated that $5 trillion worth of forex transactions take place on a daily basis, with an average of $220 billion per hour.

The market is largely made up of institutions, corporations, governments, and currency speculators. Speculation plays an important role as it makes up almost 90% of the trading volume. Most of this is concentrated on the US dollar, Euro, and Japanese Yen.

Getting Started with Forex Trading

To get started with forex trading, you need to open an account with a reputable forex broker. It is important to choose a broker that offers competitive spreads, reliable trade execution, and a user-friendly trading platform. Once you have opened an account, you can fund it with the desired amount of capital and start trading.

Key Concepts in Forex Trading

Currency Pairs

Forex trading involves trading currency pairs, which represent the relative value of one currency against another. The first currency in a pair is called the base currency, while the second currency is the quote currency. Understanding how currency pairs are quoted and their correlation is essential for successful forex trading.

How To Read A Currency Quote

When choosing a forex broker and setting up a live account, the first concept that a trader will come across is the forex price quote or currency pair. A currency pair is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of one currency being quoted against the other. The first currency of the pair is called the base currency, and the second – is the quote currency.

Currency pairs indicate how much of the quote currency is needed to purchase one unit of the base currency and currencies are identifiable by an ISO currency code or a three-letter alphabetic code associated with it on the international market.

The currencies that trade the most volume against the U.S. dollar are referred to as the major currencies.

These include the(major currency pairs):

GeldeenheidspaarCountriesFX Geek Lingo
EUR/USDEurozone / United States“euro dollar”
USD/JPYThe United States / Japan“dollar yen”
GBP/USDUnited Kingdom / United States“pound dollar”
USD/CHFThe United States/ Switzerland“dollar swissy”
USD/CADThe United States / Canada“dollar loonie”
AUD/USDAustralia / United States“Aussie dollar”
NZD/USDNew Zealand / United States“kiwi dollar”

Here is an example:

EUR/USD = 1.2752

In the above quote, the currency on the left side is the currency that was bought by the trader, while the one on the right is the one that was sold by the broker. The first currency quoted in a currency pair and forex trading is called the base currency. The second currency quoted in a currency pair is called quote currency. The number signifies the value at which the currencies were exchanged.

Or to put it in short and simple mathematical terms, when we buy one Euro, the value of this one Euro is equal to 1.2752 USD, and we had to pay that much to buy that currency. Upon executing this trade, we now long the Euro, and short the US Dollar (we buy Euro, and sell US dollars) and we have an open position.

Bid and Ask Prices

In forex trading, there are two prices for each currency pair: the bid price and the asking price. The bid price is the price at which you can sell the base currency, while the asking price is the price at which you can buy the base currency. The difference between the bid and ask prices is known as the spread.


The spread is an important concept in forex trading, as it represents the transaction cost of a trade. Brokers may offer fixed or variable spreads, and the choice between them depends on your trading strategy and preferences. Generally, lower spreads are more favorable for traders.

Leverage and Margin

Leverage allows traders to control larger positions in the market with a smaller amount of capital. It is a double-edged sword, as it can amplify both profits and losses. Margin, on the other hand, refers to the collateral required by the broker to maintain a leveraged position. Understanding leverage and margin is crucial to managing risk in forex trading.

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What Is A Pip?

A pip is the smallest price amount by which the value of a currency pair can change. The pip is usually the fourth decimal point in a currency pair. All major currency pairs are priced to four decimal points.

A common exception is for Japanese Yen (JPY) pairs which are quoted to the second decimal point. For example, when the value of the EUR/USD pair goes up by one pip, the quote will move from 1.2345 to 1.2346.

When trading it is important to know the monetary value of a pip in order to be able to calculate potential losses or profits. This value is always in the quote currency.

The formula for calculating the monetary value of a pip is the following:

Amount of base currency(in lots) x Decimal amount of pips

An example: When trading 1 lot of EURUSD, the monetary value during that trade is 100,000 EUR x 0.0001 = 10 USD which equals 1 pip.

The Forex Market: Structure and Participants

The forex market operates as an over-the-counter (OTC) market, meaning that it is decentralized and has no central exchange. Market participants include banks, financial institutions, corporations, governments, and individual traders. The market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week, providing ample opportunities for trading.

Fundamental Analysis in Forex Trading

Fundamental analysis involves assessing the economic, social, and political factors that influence currency exchange rates. It focuses on analyzing economic indicators, such as GDP growth, inflation rates, employment data, and central bank policies. By understanding these factors, traders can make informed decisions about the direction of currency pairs.

Economic Indicators

Economic indicators provide insights into the health of an economy. Key indicators include GDP, consumer price index (CPI), employment reports, and retail sales data. Monitoring these indicators and their impact on currency markets is essential for fundamental analysis.

Central Bank Policies

Central banks play a crucial role in shaping monetary policy and influencing currency values. Traders closely monitor central bank announcements, interest rate decisions, and statements by central bank officials to gauge the future direction of currencies.

Technical Analysis in Forex Trading

Technical analysis involves studying historical price data and using various tools and indicators to identify patterns, trends, and potential trade setups. Traders use charts, candlestick patterns, support and resistance levels, and oscillators to make trading decisions based on past price movements.

Chart Patterns

Chart patterns, such as triangles, double tops, and head and shoulders patterns, provide valuable insights into market sentiment and potential reversals. Identifying and understanding these patterns can enhance trading strategies.


Technical indicators, such as moving averages, relative strength index (RSI), and MACD, help traders analyze price data and identify overbought or oversold conditions. These indicators can assist in timing entry and exit points and confirming potential trade setups.

graph TD
A[Forex Trading] --> B[Fundamental Analysis]
A[Forex Trading] --> C[Technical Analysis]
B --> D[Economic Indicators]
B --> E[Central Bank Policies]
C --> F[Chart Patterns]
C --> G[Indicators]

*[GDP]: Gross Domestic Product

*[CPI]: Consumer Price Index

*[RSI]: Relative Strength Index

*[MACD]: Moving Average Convergence Divergence

Developing a Trading Strategy

Developing a well-defined trading strategy is essential for consistent profitability in forex trading. A trading strategy outlines the rules and criteria for entering and exiting trades, managing risk, and optimizing profits. Key components of a trading strategy include risk management, entry and exit points, and position sizing.

Risiko bestuur

Risk management involves determining the acceptable level of risk for each trade and implementing appropriate measures to limit potential losses. This may include setting stop-loss orders, diversifying trades, and avoiding excessive leverage.

Entry and Exit Points

Identifying optimal entry and exit points is crucial for maximizing profits. Traders use a combination of technical and fundamental analysis to determine when to enter a trade and when to exit it. This may involve using specific indicators, chart patterns, or fundamental triggers.

Position Sizing

Position sizing refers to determining the appropriate amount of capital to allocate to each trade. It involves considering factors such as risk tolerance, account size, and the probability of success. Proper position sizing helps manage risk and optimize returns.

Choosing a Forex Broker

Choosing a reliable forex broker is vital for successful trading. Consider the following factors when selecting a broker:


Ensure that the broker is regulated by a reputable financial authority. The regulation provides protection for traders and ensures fair trading practices.


Evaluate the trading platforms offered by brokers. Look for platforms that are user-friendly, stable, and provide a wide range of trading tools and features.

Account Types

Brokers offer various types of accounts to cater to different trading needs. Consider factors such as minimum deposit requirements, spreads, and commission structures when choosing an account type.

Find out more about who is the best forex broker to trade with!

Best Forex Brokers For Beginners


  • Mededingende handelstoestande
  • Wye verskeidenheid instrumente
  • Gebruikersvriendelike platforms
  • Beperkte opvoedkundige hulpbronne
  • Beperkte ondersteuningsopsies
  • Hoë CFD-fooie
Leer meer


  • Mededingende verspreidings
  • Vinnige handel uitvoering
  • Verskeie handelsplatforms
  • Beperkte opvoedkundige hulpbronne
  • Geen vaste verspreiding nie
  • Kliëntediens kan verbeter word
Leer meer

BlackBull Markte

  • Robuuste handel tegnologie
  • Verskeie rekeningtipes
  • Sterk fokus op kliënt sekuriteit
  • Beperkte opvoedkundige hulpbronne
  • Hoë minimum deposito
  • Kliëntediens kan verskil
Leer meer


  • Mededingende verspreidings
  • Wye verskeidenheid instrumente
  • Verskeie handelsplatforms
  • Beperkte opvoedkundige hulpbronne
  • Reaksie van kliëntediens kan verskil
  • Hoë Minimum deposito
Leer meer


  • Wye verskeidenheid instrumente
  • Gebruikersvriendelike platforms
  • Multi-gereguleerde makelaar
  • Onaktiwiteitsfooie kan van toepassing wees
  • Beperkte opvoedkundige hulpbronne
  • Kliëntediensreaksie verskil
Leer meer

OctaFX: A Beginner-Friendly Forex Broker

OctaFX is an excellent choice for beginners due to its user-friendly platform and educational resources. They offer both demo and live accounts with competitive spreads and low minimum deposits. OctaFX is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in the United Kingdom, providing traders with an added layer of security.

Pepperstone: A Reliable Forex Broker for Beginners

Pepersteen is a well-established forex broker known for its tight spreads and fast trade execution. They offer a range of trading platforms, including MetaTrader 4 and cTrader, which are popular among beginners. Pepperstone is regulated by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).

BlackBull Markets: An Excellent Option for Novice Traders

BlackBull Markte is a New Zealand-based broker that caters to both beginners and experienced traders. They offer a range of account types with competitive pricing and access to multiple liquidity providers. BlackBull Markets is regulated by the Financial Markets Authority (FMA) in New Zealand, ensuring a safe trading environment.

Vantage: A User-Friendly Forex Broker for Beginners

Vantage is a forex broker that focuses on providing a seamless trading experience for beginners. They offer a user-friendly platform with comprehensive educational resources. Vantage is regulated by the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (CIMA) and the Securities Commission of the Bahamas (SCB).

AvaTrade: A Trusted Broker for Beginner Traders

AvaTrade is a globally recognized broker known for its user-friendly platforms and educational materials. They offer a wide range of trading instruments, including forex, cryptocurrencies, and stocks. AvaTrade is regulated by multiple authorities, including the Central Bank of Ireland, the Financial Services Commission of the British Virgin Islands, and the Financial Services Agency of Japan.

  • Gemiddelde verspreiding
  • Gemiddelde verspreiding EURUSD – Standaard
  • Gemiddelde verspreiding USDJPY – Standaard
  • Gemiddelde verspreiding GBPUSD- Standaard
  • Gemiddelde verspreiding BTCUSD – Standaard
  • Gemiddelde verspreiding XAUUSD – Standaard
  • Gemiddelde verspreiding OILUSD – Standaard
  • Hersien skakel
  • 0,4 pitte
  • 0,5 pitte
  • 23 pitte
  • 0,7 pitte
  • 70 pitte
  • 3,0 pitte
  • 0,09 pitte
  • 0,15 pitte
  • 22,8 pitte
  • 0,45 pitte
  • 11.25 pitte
  • 4,0 pitte
  • 0,8 pitte
  • 0,8 pitte
  • 17 pips
  • 1.1 pips
  • 20 pitte
  • 3,0 pitte
  • 1,2 pitte
  • 1,2 pitte
  • 29 pips
  • 1.4 pips
  • 20 pitte
  • 3,0 pitte
  • 0,9 pitte
  • 1,5 pitte
  • 35 pitte
  • 1,5 pitte
  • 10 pitte
  • 3,0 pitte

Demo Trading and Backtesting

Demo trading allows traders to practice their strategies and familiarize themselves with the trading platform without risking real money. Backtesting involves applying trading strategies to historical market data to assess their performance. Both demo trading and backtesting are valuable tools for refining trading strategies.

  • Demo trading enables traders to identify potential pitfalls and mistakes before risking their hard-earned money.
  • Backtesting provides them with the opportunity to optimize their strategies and verify that they are working as expected. By combining backtesting with demo trading, traders can become better prepared for real-world scenarios and improve their chances of success in the markets.

Psychology of Forex Trading

When trading forex, a trader should discipline himself and keep his head in the game. Objectives must be clear and decisions should be taken with a clear head. Apart from studying the forex markets, and trading strategies, and putting them to the test, traders must also learn self-control while trading.

The biggest challenges that a trader can face, especially with the amounts of money involved, are greed(for more money), fear(of losing money), euphoria(of earning too much money), and panic(of losing and taking bad decisions). A lot of traders lose sight of proper risk management strategies and end up losing the money they invest.

The Flaws Of Human Nature

So, what is this human ‘flaw’? It’s fear. Our fight-or-flight response can be our downfall. We cannot change our makeup but, by being aware of our primal responses, we can alter our approach. Studying Forex trading psychology can be enormously beneficial for Forex traders.

Fear limits our behavior. We always look for the safest option and so if we are trading and we think we are going to lose profit, we naturally want to pull out and withdraw to inhibit further loss. However, this could mean that you deviate from your planned strategy. Moreover, fear could cause you to make decisions that are not well thought through in the hope you can turn around your trade. Such rash decisions may mean that you end up losing more money than you did, to begin with.

Understanding Trading Psychology

Understanding the psychology behind trading can set you in good stead and diminish your feelings of fear as you make trading decisions. Ultimately, traders cannot fall into the trap of emotions when trading. Let’s have a look at some of the more common psychological biases that you may experience in Forex trading:

  • Loss Aversion bias – You think that a price might come back. Your brain is wired to want to make the lowest possible loss which could mean that you pull out of deals too soon.
  • Confirmation bias – You believe that something proves you were right. Looking for justification for your actions can lead you to find links that weren’t there. This can be a difficult cycle to break and traders should learn to trust different strategies to get the most out of Forex trading.
  • Anchoring bias – Coming up with links that suggest something may be right even when it isn’t. Your brain tends to rely on previous experience in making decisions. This can cause you to be afraid to try new strategies and go against your experience.
  • Over-confidence bias – You are overconfident in your decisions and believe you know where the market will go. Your brain is wired with the need to feel validated, which means that when things are going well, you may think that you are invincible in future deals.

Advanced Trading Strategies

Advanced trading strategies cater to experienced traders seeking more sophisticated approaches to forex trading. These strategies include scalping, day trading, swing trading, and carry trading. Scalpers look to take advantage of small price movements over short time frames, day traders capitalize on intraday trends, swing trading focuses on larger price swings over longer periods, and carry trading involves buying a currency at a low rate and selling it at a higher rate. Each of these strategies has its own advantages and risks.


Scalping involves making quick trades to profit from small price movements. Traders typically hold positions for a short duration, aiming to accumulate small profits over time.

Day Trading

Day trading involves opening and closing positions within the same trading day. Day traders capitalize on short-term price fluctuations and close all positions before the market closes.

Swing Trading

Swing trading aims to capture medium-term price swings. Traders hold positions for a few days to several weeks, profiting from price movements during these periods.

Carry Trading

Carry trading involves taking advantage of interest rate differentials between currencies. Traders earn interest on positions held overnight, seeking to profit from both currency appreciation and interest income.

Monitoring and Evaluating Trades

Monitoring and evaluating trades is essential for continuous improvement and performance analysis. Traders can use trade journals and performance analysis techniques to assess their trades, identify strengths and weaknesses, and make necessary adjustments to their strategies.

Trade Journals

Keeping a trade journal helps track trading decisions, entry and exit points, and overall performance. It provides a valuable record for evaluating trades and identifying areas for improvement.

Performance Analysis

Analyzing trading performance involves assessing key metrics such as win rate, risk-reward ratio, and overall profitability. This analysis helps traders identify patterns and trends in their trading results and make informed adjustments.

Market Orders: Stop Loss And Take Profit Orders

After examining the basic concepts, let’s briefly discuss how trade is opened, and have a look at a few basic ways to control risk and manage our funds.

While most trading platforms are straightforward with order entries and the opening or closing of positions, concepts like stop loss and take profit will sound very confusing to any new trader.

Stop Loss Order

The stop-loss order works as a safety mechanism that puts a ceiling over the losses that a potentially bad trade can cause. By entering the stop-loss order, a trader specifies the maximum amount of unrealized losses that he is willing to tolerate. Needless to say, the stop loss order should be set in the opposite direction of the opened position. The execution of a stop-loss order is automatic.

Take Profit Order

The take-profit order has a reversed role compared to the stop-loss order. The take profit order specifies the price quote at which the trader wants the position closed and makes the desired profit. It can also act as a safety net in the case that the price reaches a certain level and then drops back down again. This way you can somehow guarantee a certain level of profit. This order is also executed automatically.

Forex Trading Tools and Resources

A variety of tools and resources are available to assist forex traders in their analysis and decision-making process. These include economic calendars, news feeds, and trading software.

Economic Calendars

Economic calendars provide information on upcoming economic events, news releases, and data releases that can impact currency markets. Traders can plan their trades around these events and stay informed about market-moving news.

News Feeds

Access to real-time news feeds allows traders to stay updated on global economic and political developments. This information helps traders anticipate market movements and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

Trading Software

Trading software provides advanced charting tools, technical indicators, and order execution capabilities. These platforms assist traders in analyzing market trends, executing trades, and managing their positions effectively.


Forex trading offers exciting opportunities for individuals interested in financial markets. By understanding the fundamental and technical aspects of forex trading, developing a sound trading strategy, and staying disciplined, traders can aim for consistent profitability. Remember, continuous learning and practice are key to mastering the art of forex trading. Start your trading journey today and explore the vast potential of the forex market.

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Chad Smith

Chad Smith is die direkteur van navorsing en analise hier by ForexBrokerListing.com. Chad het voorheen gedien as 'n redakteur vir 'n aantal webwerwe wat verband hou met finansies en handel, waar hy 'n aansienlike aantal gepubliseerde artikels oor handel en die impak van tegnologie in die transformasie van belegging soos ons dit ken, geskryf het. Oor die algemeen is Chad 'n aktiewe fintech- en kripto-industrie-navorser met meer as 15 jaar se handelservaring, en jy kan vind dat hy sy hond leer hoe om handel te dryf in sy vrye tyd.

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