How to Trade the W and M Patterns: Expert Strategies Explained

How to Trade the W and M Patterns
.08 Jun 2023
author avatar image Chad Smith

Table of Contents


Trading the W and M patterns can be a profitable endeavour for both new and experienced traders. These chart patterns, also known as double top and double bottom patterns, occur when the asset price moves in a similar shape to the letter “W” (double bottom) or “M” (double top). They provide valuable insights into potential market reversals, offering traders an opportunity to make informed decisions on when to enter or exit a trade.

Before diving into trading these patterns, it is crucial to understand their basic structure and the underlying principles that govern them. The “W” pattern, bullish in nature, consists of two successive bottoms, while the “M” pattern, bearish in nature, consists of two successive tops. Identifying these patterns on your preferred time frame, whether it’s intraday with shorter time frames like 15-minute or 1-hour charts, or swing trading with 4-hour and daily charts, can provide you with a valuable system in your trading arsenal.

Key Takeaways

  • Understand the structure of W and M patterns for effective trading
  • Identify patterns in various time frames to suit different trading styles
  • Apply trading techniques based on W and M patterns to improve market predictions

Understanding the W and M Patterns

How To Trade The W and M Patterns

When trading, it’s essential to understand various patterns that can help you predict market trends. The W and M patterns are two of such significant patterns that feature double bottom and double top patterns, respectively.

The W pattern is considered bullish and often signifies a trend reversal from a downtrend to an uptrend. It resembles a “W” shape on the price chart. To identify a W pattern, look for two troughs that form support on the chart, with a peak in the middle acting as resistance. After the second trough forms, you might witness a rise in price, breaking through this resistance level. This pattern reflects a period when bears lose control, and bulls start to take over.

On the contrary, the M pattern is a bearish pattern that represents a reversal from an uptrend to a downtrend and resembles an “M” shape on the chart. Here, two peaks signal resistance levels and a trough in the middle indicates support. When the second peak forms, you’re likely to see the price falling below the support level, indicating the onset of a bearish trend.

Before you begin trading with W and M patterns, it’s essential to consider the time factor as well. Depending on your trading style, you can choose either shorter time frames, such as 15-minute or 1-hour frames for intraday trading, or longer frames like 4-hour and daily time frames for swing trading.

Incorporating technical analysis techniques, including trend lines, moving averages, and other indicators, can help you confirm the W and M pattern formations. Moreover, using these tools can assist you in determining the optimal entry and exit points for your trades.

While trading with W and M patterns, it’s crucial to maintain a disciplined approach and ensure you manage your risk effectively. By understanding these patterns and their potential impact on price action, you can make well-informed trading decisions and improve your strategy.

Identifying the W and M Patterns

In this section, we will discuss how to identify the W and M Patterns during both downtrends and uptrends. These patterns are significant in technical analysis as they indicate potential trend reversals.

In a Downtrend

During a downtrend, a W Pattern, also known as the double bottom pattern, may appear on the chart. This pattern typically consists of two troughs that occur at a similar support level, with a peak in between. To identify a W Pattern, look for the following characteristics:

  1. The asset’s price reaches a support level and bounces back up, forming the first trough.
  2. The price then rises, usually to a level between 20% and 50% of the initial decline, forming the peak.
  3. Finally, the asset falls back down to the support level, creating the second trough.

This formation signals that the downtrend may soon reverse, leading to a bullish breakout. To confirm the potential reversal, observe if the price breaks through the resistance level formed by the peak.

In an Uptrend

On the other hand, an M Pattern, also known as the double top pattern, can appear during an uptrend. This bearish reversal pattern consists of two peaks formed at a similar resistance level, with a trough in between. To identify an M Pattern, look for the following characteristics:

  1. The asset’s price reaches a resistance level and falls, forming the first peak.
  2. The price then declines, typically by 20% to 50% of the initial rise, forming the trough.
  3. Finally, the asset climbs back up to the resistance level, creating the second peak.

The M Pattern suggests that the uptrend may be coming to an end and a bearish reversal is imminent. To confirm this, wait for the price to break through the support level formed by the trough.

When trading W and M Patterns, always consider additional factors such as volume, prevailing market conditions, and other chart patterns. Combining multiple technical analysis tools can help you make more informed trading decisions and increase your chances of success.

Applying the W and M Patterns in Trading

Entry Points and Exit Points

When trading with the W pattern, you first need to identify a bullish trend as the W pattern signals a potential bullish reversal. Look for two successive troughs (bottoms) which form the double bottom. The ideal entry point is when the price breaks above the resistance level created by the highest peak between the two troughs. Set a stop loss below the most recent low and target a profit level that suits your risk management strategy.

On the other hand, for the M pattern, it is the opposite. Search for a bearish trend and two consecutive peaks that create a double top. Your entry point would be when the price breaks below the support level established by the lowest trough between both peaks. Place your stop loss above the recent high and determine a profit target that aligns with your risk management approach.

Use of Indicators

Indicators can assist in enhancing the accuracy of your W and M pattern trading. Moving Averages are useful in identifying the trend direction; for example, when the price lies above the moving average in a W pattern, it affirms a bullish trend, whilst being below the moving average in an M pattern confirms a bearish trend.

Volume could also serve as a useful indicator. In the W pattern, the volume should decrease during the formation of the second bottom and increase as the price breaks the resistance level. For the M pattern, it is preferable to observe the volume decline during the creation of the second top and increase when the price falls below the support level.

Another popular tool for trading W and M patterns is RSI (Relative Strength Index). In the W pattern, RSI should confirm that the market is oversold, suggesting potential for a bullish reversal. Conversely, in the M pattern, RSI should indicate an overbought condition, pointing to a potential bearish reversal.

In conclusion, successful trading of the W and M patterns requires a combination of the right entry and exit points, suitable indicators, and proper risk management. By incorporating these elements into your trading strategy, you can develop a solid foundation for swing trading, particularly in stocks that tend double tops and double bottoms.

Importance of Volume in Trading the W and M Patterns

When trading the W and M patterns, it’s essential to consider volume as a key indicator. Volume plays a significant role in confirming the patterns and predicting potential reversals in the market. In this section, we will explore the importance of volume in trading these chart patterns.

Price action is the primary focus when identifying W and M patterns, which represent bullish and bearish reversals respectively. However, to increase the reliability of these patterns, gauging the volume is crucial. Increased volume during the formation of these patterns is a strong indication that buyers or sellers are engaged in the market, providing an additional confirmation signal for the potential reversal.

As you gain experience in trading the W and M patterns, it’s vital to monitor the volume levels throughout the pattern’s formation. When the patterns form over days, keep a close watch on the volume. Ideally, volume should increase when the price approaches the lowest point in the W pattern, showing a bullish reversal, or the highest point in the M pattern, indicating a bearish trend reversal.

In forex and commodities markets, volume data can be slightly challenging to acquire compared to stock markets. Nevertheless, various indicators, such as tick volume or the On-Balance Volume indicator, can be helpful. Paying attention to volume will enable you to decipher the strength of buyers and sellers within the market and enhance your trading decisions.

Establishing the proper exit point for your trades is also vital. The volume analysis during the pattern formation will provide vital information for setting up exit points, ensuring that you don’t miss out on potential gains. For example, an exit point with a significant volume increase could signal increased interest from investors, potentially leading to a stronger trend.

In conclusion, understanding and analysing volume is a crucial aspect of trading the W and M patterns. As a trader focused on price action, incorporating volume analysis into your trading strategy will improve your market insights, provide greater confidence in trade decisions, and potentially elevate the reliability of bullish and bearish reversals you aim to capitalise on. Remember, combining price action and volume analysis will significantly enhance your overall trading effectiveness.

Practical Advice for Trading the W and M Patterns

Risk and Reward Ratios

When trading the W and M patterns, it’s crucial to consider the risk and reward ratios for your trades. These patterns can help identify trend reversals or continuations, but proper management of risk is essential for any trading strategy. One approach is to set a stop loss just below the low of the pattern for a W pattern or just above the high for an M pattern. To calculate your reward ratio, aim for a take-profit level that is twice the distance of your stop loss1.

Time Frames and Their Impact

When trading the W and M patterns, you may find different results depending on the time frame you choose to trade. These patterns can occur in various time frames, such as the shorter M1 time frame or longer daily or weekly time frames. Shorter time frames tend to show more frequent, but potentially less reliable signals; whereas longer time frames tend to show stronger signals with less noise. It’s essential to find a time frame that suits your trading style and risk tolerance.

Here are some considerations when trading the W and M patterns:

  • Analyse price charts to identify potential W and M patterns. They’re characterised by double-top (M pattern) or double-bottom (W pattern) formations. These patterns often lead to bullish (W pattern) or bearish (M pattern) price movements2.
  • Look for rounding tops or bottoms that form the middle peak of the M or W pattern. This feature indicates a retracement in the middle of the pattern, which is a critical aspect of the overall formation.
  • Once a pattern has been identified, use the swing highs and swing lows to establish your entry points, targets, and stop-loss levels. For a W pattern, the entry point is usually a breakout above the neckline (the horizontal level that connects the swing highs), while the entry point for an M pattern is a breakdown below the neckline (the level connecting the swing lows)3.
  • Keep in mind that patterns can sometimes fail or evolve into different patterns. Manage your risk by setting stop losses and adjusting your position size to match your risk tolerance.

In conclusion, trading the W and M patterns can be an effective way to capture market moves if you apply sound risk management and choose an appropriate time frame. Be sure to monitor price charts and stay vigilant for pattern developments, as market conditions are constantly changing.


  1. Top FX Managers – Trading the W Pattern & M 
  2. Arthur Merrill’s Patterns: How to Trade M and W Trading Pattern 
  3. W and M Pattern Trading – The Forex Geek 

Summary – Trading the W and M Patterns Effectively

Trading the W and M patterns can be a highly effective approach when it comes to profiting from reversal patterns in the market. As the names suggest, these patterns resemble the letters “W” and “M” on price charts, indicating potential reversals in future price movements. Understanding the basics of these patterns and applying them confidently in your trading strategy can greatly improve your ability to anticipate market changes.

The W pattern, also known as double bottoms, is a bullish reversal pattern that forms after a downtrend. This pattern consists of two successive troughs, which indicate that selling pressure has weakened and a market rally may soon follow. To trade this pattern effectively, you need to identify key support and resistance levels, as well as other technical indicators that may confirm the impending reversal.

On the other hand, the M pattern, or double tops, is a bearish reversal pattern that forms after an uptrend. It features two successive peaks, which signal increased selling pressure and a possible decline in price. Much like the W pattern, it’s essential to determine appropriate support and resistance levels and incorporate additional technical analysis tools to increase the likelihood of a successful trade.

When trading the W and M patterns, it’s vital to employ well-timed entries and exits. Establishing a short position when the M pattern forms or a long position when the W pattern emerges can increase your chances of capturing profitable price moves. However, always ensure that you employ risk management techniques, such as stop-loss orders and position sizing, to protect your capital from potential losses.

In conclusion, understanding and applying the W and M patterns in your trading strategy can offer lucrative opportunities for profiting from market reversals. By honing your skills in identifying these patterns, using technical indicators for confirmation, and executing trades in a disciplined manner, you can take advantage of shifts in market sentiment and capture impressive gains.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the entry and exit points for W and M patterns?

To trade W patterns, you should enter a buy order when the price breaks the double top of the W pattern. Your take profit target should be twice the distance of your stop loss, which you can place just below the low of the pattern. Conversely, for trading M patterns, your entry point is a sell order when the price breaks below the double bottom. The take profit target should also be twice the stop loss, which can be placed just above the pattern’s high.

How to identify a valid W or M pattern?

A valid W pattern consists of two distinct lows with a double top in between, forming what looks like the letter ‘W’. A valid M pattern, on the other hand, consists of two distinct highs with a double bottom between them, resembling the letter ‘M’. Important factors for identifying valid patterns include clear price movements, significant changes in direction, and appropriate levels of volume during the formation of the pattern.

What are the stop-loss strategies for trading W and M patterns?

For W patterns, placing the stop loss just below the low of the pattern can protect against potential reversals. When trading M patterns, place the stop loss just above the pattern’s high. This stop-loss placement helps minimize risk and ensures that you exit your trade if the pattern proves to be invalid or the market moves against your position.

Can W and M patterns be used in different timeframes?

Yes, W and M patterns can be used in various timeframes, such as intraday, daily, and weekly charts. However, the reliability of these patterns may vary depending on the timeframe used. Patterns formed in longer timeframes, like daily or weekly charts, are generally considered more reliable than those in shorter timeframes.

What are the key differences between W and M patterns?

The key difference between W and M patterns is their direction. W patterns are bullish, indicating a potential reversal from a downtrend to an uptrend, whereas M patterns are bearish, signalling a possible reversal from an uptrend to a downtrend. The structure of the patterns also differs: W patterns have a double bottom with a double top, while M patterns have a double top with a double bottom.

How to assess the reliability of W and M patterns?

Assessing the reliability of W and M patterns involves various factors, including the clarity of the pattern on the chart, volume changes during its formation, and the general market context. A significant increase in volume during the pattern formation can indicate its reliability. Additionally, price action around support and resistance levels or other technical indicators may contribute to the pattern’s validity. Keep in mind that no pattern guarantees success, and trading W and M patterns should be done in conjunction with proper risk management techniques.

author avatar image
Chad Smith

Chad Smith is the Director of Research & Analysis here at Chad previously served as an Editor for a number of websites related to finance and trading, where he authored a significant number of published articles about trading and the impact of technology in transforming investing as we know it. Overall, Chad is an active fintech and crypto industry researcher with more than 15 years of trading experience, and you can find him teaching his dog how to trade in his free time.

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